What is anal fissure and what causes it?
Anal itching: Causes, treatments, and home remedies
Anal fissures are tiny tears that occur in the delicate lining of the anus. This tearing is often associated with constipation and the passage of hard stool. At first these tears only involve the outermost layer epithelium of the anal mucosa but over time it can extend deeper. Pain and rectal bleeding are some of the symptoms of anal fissures but with proper management it can heal within a few weeks.
Anal fissures are small tears or cracks on the part of the anus that opens when you pass stools— where the inside of the anus meets the outside. They are associated with pain and bleeding during bowel movements. Most will heal on their own and do not require treatment. In adults they can be caused by passing a large, hard stool, or by having frequent diarrhea.
An itchy bottom pruritus ani is a persistent itch around the anus. There are many different causes but the cause is not clear in many cases. Treatment usually works well.